What Does A Data Recovery Company Do?

Despite the growing reliability of storage devices many computer users experience data loss at some point or another. General causes of data loss are software failures, hardware failures, physical damage, or simply accidental deletion. Luckily, almost any information that is saved to a storage device can be recovered.

What Causes Data to be Lost?

There are many ways that data can be lost. The most common causes are:


  • Human error. This is when you accidentally delete a file or folder on your drive.
  • File system format. When you send information to the wrong storage area the format procedure the data goes through destroys any existing files to make room for the new one.
  • Logical damage. This can be due to power loss, hardware failure or software failure.
  • Storage failure. If your hard drive starts to show physical problems like overheating, making unusual noises, or loading slower than usual.
  • Physical damage. If you drop your hard drive or drop something on it.

What Does a Data Recovery Company Do?

Fortunately, whenever data is first saved to a storage device it will usually remain there until new information is sent to overwrite it. But, you should remember that no information can be recovered after overwriting. This is why when you are trying to recover data you should never send anything to storage until you’ve recovered everything you need to.

A data recovery company can help you get back all your lost information without causing further damage to your hard drive. The process they go through to recover data is quite simple. After scanning your hardware they determine what was the cause of the data loss in the first place. Once your drive has been diagnosed a recovery company will then work to recover all files that have been lost. How much work they have to put in depends on what caused your data to be lost. If it was due to physical damage then you can expect the process to be extremely complex and it can get a bit expensive. This is because the recovery service will first have to get your hard drive back into working condition then proceed to try and recover all the files that were lost due to the damage.

At some point or another everyone will experience data loss of some kind. Hard drives are not designed to last forever. So, if you are noticing any signs that something may be wrong with your hard drive the best way to handle it is by immediately backing up all the files you can and taking it to a data recovery company.

Can I Rebuild a Hard drive to get my data back?

With the technology breaking into both the personal and professional fronts, the dependence on it has increased many folds. Systems have become a storehouse of memories of Yester years. Data are ranging from your personal records, pictures, and other stuff stored in your hard drive. It thus becomes paramount to save and preserve data with caution to prevent losing out on a lot of memories. As far as professional life is concerned, almost everything, if not all, has some relation or the other with storage in the hard drive of your system. So, you need to be careful both on a personal and the professional front.

There are various reasons why you may need to rebuild your hard drive: it may have either undergone physical damage or may have gone corrupt. In both cases, there are high chances of data being lost. You may have to make a decision as to whether you wish to rebuild it at your own risk or seek services of a professional.

Steps in choice


The first step towards rebuilding your hard drive is the choice whether you would risk rebuilding it yourselves or if the data is important and you wish to seek professional services. In the case of physical damage, check the extent of damage to make a choice whether the damage is irrevocable or not. If the data is important, it is advisable to go for professional help.

Steps in rebuilding your hard drive

If you wish to go ahead with rebuilding your hard drive yourself, there are various sequential steps you may need to follow:

  1. Perform a visual check: Sometimes the PC board which controls all operations is at fault. A quick visual check may ensure whether it is the PC which is at fault. Replacing a burned out PCB is not that complicated and may be done by following a few simple steps.
  2. In the case of physical damage, get a similar working hard drive to analyze the various physical components and narrow down the damaged components so that you may replace them.
  3. In case your hard drive has gone corrupt, you may perform a consistency check. In a consistency check, the drive performs a check on itself to ensure that all functions are working properly. If everything isn’t in order, a list of errors comes up showcasing the area you need to fix for rebuilding your drive.

After ensuring the hard drive has no minor damages which can’t be fixed on your own, seek professional help. There are a lot of agencies that provide professional help in this regard. If there are any chances of rebuilding, they may succeed. Just ensure the right negotiation in case the data is not retrieved at the end, since a considerable time and energy is being spent in the process. The equation is simple: don’t risk losing your data if it is important, otherwise get informed get going.

Accidental Data Deletion: Don’t Panic

It’s not always that things go as per plan. Often we find ourselves fighting situations and finding solutions for problems we had never thought of. With the world at our feet at just the click of a mouse, there are various uninvited problems as well. A moment can wash away all the efforts. The time and energy spent in accumulation information through data may all go for a toss in case of accidental deletion.

How is data important?

How well an organization fares is largely controlled by the fact that how does it deal with the data available. Larger the organization, larger is the network of data involved. Data in the modern world can’t be analyzed in isolation. With data can be lost valuable inputs derived. With big data analysis being forecast as the next big thing, one can estimate its importance. With larger pool of data, the chances of accidental deletion increase as well. Companies have started taking this fact seriously as along with the data, a lot of efforts would also fade away.

Accidental Data Deletion

It is a worrying feeling when all data gets lost just by the click of a mouse. But once deleted, the data doesn’t get lost forever, it is still there on the hard drive and can be retrieved. When you delete a file from your system, it doesn’t get deleted permanently. The system temporarily clears space after removing the file so that it may appear as free space and there is space for rewriting. The chances of retrieving the raw data which is still there on the drive are low as chances of the data getting rewritten exists. If you happen to accidentally delete data on your system, it is not a matter of panic. Just follow these basic steps:

  1. Don’t save new files or data: to reduce the chances of rewriting, no new data or files should be saved
  2. Don’t shut down or restart your system: A system while starting-up may write data on the hard disk running the risk of rewriting data
  3. Don’t install new programs to your system to avoid risk of losing raw data

Once you have ensured that the raw data is still available on the hard drive and has not been rewritten, you may go ahead with running data recovery. If you wish to recover personal data, you may prefer to use various data recovery softwares available online. The softwares use a byte by byte level search mechanism to retrieve data. The portable versions of the softwares must be run.

When data retrieval of your professional work needs to be done, there are various professional data retrieval services being offered by agencies and companies. They offer expertise in hard disk data recovery as well as your system data recovery for both small scale and large scale data.

So one must not panic. Follow the basic steps mentioned before going for softwares or seeking help of professional agencies and get going.

Who can perform Virtualization data recovery?

With the increasing dependence of organizations on data, data management has become a strategic domain. Ever since the advent of such dependence, companies are in the search of new and more efficient data management techniques. The earlier approach used was the ETL approach: Extract, Transform, and Load, which utilized static data and provided the access to the source system. With time, to gain edge over their competitors, organizations are resorting to even more efficient ways of data management. Data virtualization is a way ahead in this field.

What is Data Virtualization?

Data Virtualization is a data management technique that is employed by organizations to gain deeper insights. Whereby instant access to data is being provided without requiring the technicalities of the data, its format and without requiring the knowledge of its physical location Data retrieval is quicker than the traditional methods and it provides significant savings in terms of data replication and consolidation.

Benefits of Data Virtualization

In this world of competition, businesses need to respond faster and better to the changing demands. They require data management tools which enable them to respond efficiently. The benefit of data virtualization provides are as mentioned:


  1. Leveraging a database: The quicker the access to stored data and databases, the quicker will be the response. Companies wish to leverage advantages the information from the databases provide.
  2. It is a better data integration technique than others that enhances the early time for seeking solution.
  3. The data replication can save the considerable costs. With access to data without the need of copying, significant costs and complexities are reduced.

Who can use Data Virtualization?

One cannot see the data as numbers in isolation in which a lot of information is being associated. Your data integration effectiveness can be checked by analyzing the data. The time took, and data management techniques for analysis are also a part of data integration effectiveness.

  1. Data analytics units: Data analytics is all about analyzing raw data to make improved business decisions. Time and complexity are often the factors associated with it. Hence, data virtualization becomes a key tool.
  2. Business Units: Business units make considerable efforts to streamline the integration of data to save a considerable amount of time in data retrieval and management.
  3. Information consumers: A lot of different streams require huge volumes of data management and avoiding complexities is what everyone wishes in a data management technique. Scientists, marketing managers deal with a wide array of data. Data virtualization empowers them with minimal complexities.
  4. Technology Optimization: Organizations save a lot by reducing the need for storage spaces. Hence, hardware investments are reduced, and organizations meet out their targets with minimal costs.

RAID Arrays Are For Performance, Not Data Protection

Redundant array of independent Disks provides virtual storage by combining them in a single unit. It allows enhancement in data protection via redundancy and also increases performance.

Protections Offered by RAID Arrays:

Mirroring in RAID 1:

Mirroring in RAID 1 is achieved by maintaining multiple copies of data in multiple drives. The data in drives are kept in such a manner that it represents the mirror of each other. Improvement in performance can be seen by placing the data in such a manner. It is also achieved by forwarding data access signals to all the drives, and the earliest response is captured to provide the results.

Bit-level striping and dedicated Hamming code in RAID 2:


In order to maintain consistent data across the drives, hamming code parity is calculated and stored in sequential bits on each drive. It requires that all the disks set to spin at the same speed. Currently, RAID 2 is no longer in commercial use.

Block-level striping and distributed parity in RAID 5:

The calculated block parity is being distributed among, but a minimum of, three drives. Successful recovery of data is possible if only a single drive fails. RAID 5 remains fairly popular as may be verified by a high KW density in articles involving RAID arrays.

Mirroring and striping in RAID 10:

Mirroring earlier offered in RAID 1 reintroduced in addition to stripping in RAID 10. It requires at least four drives and is a combination of RAID1 and RAID 5.

Why doesn’t it work out?

Failure Correlation:

RAID protection schemes assume that the drives fail independently and at identical rates. This, however, has been shown to not be the case. To be specific, failure of one drive quadruples the probability of failure of a second drive. It is understandable since the drives are of the same age and most failures are due to mechanical wear.

Increasing rebuild time and failure probability

Large drive capacities must be associated with higher transfer and rebuild rates because of high time-consuming drive recovery job. This time is further lengthened if the correct drives remain operational at the time of recovering the damaged drive. It is to be noted that using the rest of drives during the recovery period significantly reduces performance.

Unrecoverable read errors during rebuild

Parity based reconstruction schemes are based on no UREs (Unrecoverable Read Errors) that is a perfect example of RAID 5. UREs are measured as the number of unrecoverable bit errors per 1015 bits. UREs render entire unreadable sectors and when these sectors contain any parity information, they inevitably hinder the successful recovery of the drive.

The RAID Write Hole

It is an error that occurs due to the non-atomicity of the writing process. It occurs due to an interruption of the writing process such as a system crash or results in the disruption of the parity bits.

Thus, the technology offered by RAID has to improve in a manner for rising storage capacities, redundancy and performance related issues.